- Ho Chi Minh City - Sai Gon
- Ha Noi - Thang Long
- Nha Trang
- Hue - Monuments
- Ha Long Bay
- Hoi An-My Son Sanctuary
- Da Lat
- Mekong Delta
- Da Nang
- Can Tho
- Cu Chi
- Vinh Long
- Phan Thiet
- Phu Quoc Island
- Vung Tau
- Lao Cai
- Sa Pa
- An Giang
- My Tho
- Binh Dinh
- Tay Ninh
- Dak Lak
- Ha Giang
- Hai Phong
- Ninh Binh
- Ben Tre
- Phong Nha-Ke Bang
- Quang Tri
- Soc Trang
Ho Chi Minh City - Sai Gon
Ho Chi Minh City- still known to locals as Saigon- is Vietnam’s largest city with 2,095.5 sq.km area and its economic powerhouse. The population is thought to be around 8 million though it is hard to imagine how a census can be taken amidst the chaos of the place. Ho Chi Minh City is divided into 19 districts, 3 rural districts. Most of ethnic groups are Viet (Kinh), the rest are Hoa, Muong, Tay, Dao....
Ho Chi Minh City is situated by the side of Saigon River towards the northern part of the Mekong River Delta. This is second the most important in Vietnam after Hanoi. It is not only a commercial center but also a scientific, technological, industrial and tourist center.
Placed at 10°45'N, 106°40'E in the southeastern part of Vietnam, the city is 1725 km away from the southern Hanoi and 50 km west of the Eastern Sea.
It is enclosed by Tay Ninh and Binh Duong provinces in the north, Dong Nai and Ba Ria - Vung Tau provinces in the east and Long An Province in the west. A stretch of 20-km coastline of the South China Sea lies along its southern end. The city is bathed by many rivers, arroyos and canals, the biggest river being the Saigon River. The Port of Saigon, established in 1862, is accessible to ships weighing up to 30,000 tons, a rare advantage for an inland river port.
Ho Chi Minh City is influenced by two the main wind direction that West - Southwest and North - Northeast monsoon. The city has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate, with an average humidity of 75%. There are two distinctive seasons: the rainy season, from May to November, and the dry season, from December to April. The annual average temperature is 270C. The hottest month is April and the lowest is December. It is warm all year.
In the year 1623 Vietnamese refugees fled from the civil war in Vietnam and settled in Prey Nokor (which was a part of Cambodia then) with the permission of the king of Cambodia. Gradually more Vietnamese refugees migrated to this area and this place came to be known as Saigon. Then this city was captured by the French in 1859 and named the capital of Cochinchina a few years later.
In 1954, Communist Viet Minh defeated the French in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, and the French withdrew from Vietnam. However the Communists were not recognized as the new government. The Emperor Bao Dai became the head of state and set up Saigon as his capital. During this time Saigon and the area of Cholon were combined into one city. Vietnam was partitioned into the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the Republic of Vietnam. The latter, led by President Ngo Dinh Diem, made Saigon its capital.
When the Vietnam War ended on April 30, 1975, the city came under the jurisdiction of the Vietnam People's Army. This event is referred to as the "Liberation of Saigon."
In 1976, unified communist Socialist Republic of Vietnam came into being, the city of Saigon, the province of Gia Dinh and other districts merged to create Ho Chi Minh City to commemorate the late communist leader Ho Chi Minh.
Today, the city center boasts of broad elegant boulevards and historic French colonial buildings, war and history museums and ancient pagodas.
Ho Chi Minh City attracts lots of people from all regions to come, work and live. Most of them are very friendly and enthusiastic.
Ho Chi Minh City has countless restaurants to serve the diverse visitors with reasonable prices. There is nowhere better to immerse yourself in the exquisite flavours of Vietnamese cuisine than right here in Ho Chi Minh City. Ho Chi Minh City is one of Asia’s best kept culinary secrets. The fresh light flavours of the local cuisine are a perfect compliment to the warm climate. There are also plenty of restaurants serving up regional specialties from the the centre and the north. Especially, foreign tourists won’t forget the “Phở” dish that is one of the traditional dishes very popular and attractive.
Numerous dance clubs, coffee shops, pubs, cinemas and theaters are open around the city.
Visitors can entertain yourself by witnessing a musical show or a theater or a ballet. Visitors can also go to watch a traditional Vietnamese dance that showcases or highlights the values that have been preserved by the majority of the inhabitants of Ho Chi Minh city. Enjoining the water puppet shows, watching flims that you like. In order to buy souvenirs for your relatives before returning home, you can go shopping at many famous market such as: Ben Thanh market, Old market, Binh Tay market, An Dong market,….
Thing to do
Visitors can visit the War Remnants Museum to watch the grisly after effects of war or buy pretty Vietnamese handicrafts, souvenirs in Cho Lon or Ben Thanh market. Visiting other attractions of the city such as Reuinification Palace, Notre Dame Cathedral, Central Post Office, Giac Lam Pagoda, Vinh Nghiem Pagoda, Binh Quoi Village and Vam Sat Ecological Tourist Center, Cu Chi Tunnel.
Ho Chi Minh City is the main junction for trains, roads, water, and air transportation systems for domestic trips and for foreign destination.
- Roads: Ho Chi Minh City is 1,730km from Hanoi, 99km from Tay Ninh, 30km from Bien Hoa (Dong Nai), 70km from My Tho, 125km from Vung Tau, 168km from Can Tho, 308km from Dalat, and 375km from Buon Ma Thuot. The City has National Highway 13 which connects Vietnam with the rest of Indochina.
- Train: Thong Nhat express train connects Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, vie many provinces in Vietnam. - Air: Tan Son Nhat International Airport, 7km from center of city, is the biggest airport with many domestic and international routes. There are flights from Hanoi and Danang to Ho Chi Minh City and between the City to many regions as well a lot of countries on over the world.